China now has a new module on its Tiangong space station.
The new module docked successfully with the Tianhe section of the crewed Tiangong space station Sunday (July 24) at 3:15 p.m. EDT (1913 GMT), according to a statement (opens in new tab) from China’s space agency.
“The entire rendezvous and docking process lasted about 13 hours,” wrote the China National Space Administration, according to a translation provided by Google. Three Shenzhou 14 taikonauts, in space since June 5, were expected to enter the Wentian module at some point, the agency added.
Launch of the Wentian module occurred earlier on Sunday on board a huge Long March 5B rocket to join up with Tianhe. Blastoff occurred at 2:25 a.m. EDT (0625 GMT or 2:25 p.m. Beijing time).
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As with previous rocket launches of this type, the first stage of the 187-foot (57-meter) rocket will enter Earth’s atmosphere in an uncontrolled fashion, and international space debris trackers are monitoring its progress.
Wentian serves double duty as a science module and as an expansion of living space aboard the previously single-module space station. It hosts experiment cabinets and astronaut sleeping quarters, allowing Tiangong to temporarily host as many as six crew members during handovers. It also sports a small robotic arm and an airlock for use during spacewalks.
Following docking, Wentian is expected to be moved to a lateral or side port using the module’s 33-foot (10-meter) long robotic arm, but China has not yet released timing on that maneuver.
Tianhe and Wentian together are orbiting at 236 miles (381 kilometers) above Earth, slightly lower than the orbit of the International Space Station. China plans to launch another module in October, called Mengtian, to bring more experiments to orbit.
The country is an independent actor in space and NASA is not allowed to “engage in any bilateral activities with China or Chinese-owned companies,” according to the agency (opens in new tab). The Biden administration has also criticized China’s space activities a few times recently.